Yellow Peas

Description:
Dry pea is an annual pulse, legume crop that is consumed throughout the globe. It is usually used in split form and forms integral part of various cuisines of the world. The pea is obtained as seeds from the pod that occurs on the pea plant and is dried in the sunlight to produce dry pea. This crop is considered to be the best crop for the purpose of nitrogen fixing of the soil as it converts nitrogen into nitrogen nodules in large numbers, keeping the soil fertile. Two types of dry pea are cultivated - dry green cotyledon and dry yellow cotyledon.

Overview:
Pea is one of the most popular food crops in the world as they are very nutritious and also an easy to grow crop. Dry peas usually grow in the cooler areas of the world unlike the other major pulses of the world. But they have a universal appeal, as they are required in all over the world for consumption. They are excellent source of proteins, carbohydrates and other vitamins, which are good for human consumption and also for the livestock consumption. Due to the regular developments, a number of varieties of pea have been discovered. Dry peas are naturally dried peas that are consumed in soups, stews and various other cuisines. Dry peas further have two sub categories namely dry green peas and dry yellow peas.

The world production of dry peas in the world is somewhat concentrated as a few countries only are indulged in the production of the major share of world’s produce. The world production hovers around 12 million tons, Canada being the largest producer among all. The dry peas are consumed in the split form as it takes lesser time to cook after splitting. The pulse that is so rich in nutrients is mostly used as a food but it is also used as a manure crop, forage crop, and it also produces a pea starch that is used in industrial application. Around 30-35% of the world production of dry peas is traded in the world market, making it up to a quantity of around 2.5 million tons. The list of major countries that export dry peas leaded by Canada is given below:

  • Canada (1042427 metric tons)
  • France (528207 metric tons)
  • United States of America (118964 metric tons)
  • Australia (91795 metric tons)
  • United Kingdom (61608 metric tons)
  • Germany (49779 metric tons)
  • Russia (43624 metric tons)
  • Ukraine (43239 metric tons)
  • Denmark (33023 metric tons)
  • Tanzania (27076 metric tons)

As the production of this pulse in the world is concentrated, over 140 countries are relying on the imports of dry peas. Still, the imports are also concentrated as most of the countries produce pea and have lesser population to feed. The major dry pea importing countries with their import figures pertaining to the year 2003 are:

  • India (700017 metric tons)
  • Netherlands (267523 metric tons)
  • Belgium (248923 metric tons)
  • Spain (190305 metric tons)
  • Bangladesh (115069 metric tons)
  • Italy (87651 metric tons)
  • China (76301 metric tons)
  • Pakistan (64395 metric tons)
  • Cuba (41780 metric tons)
  • United States of America (39622 metric tons)

History: According to the archaeologists, the green pea, also known by the name of garden pea originated in China or Egypt dating back to around 10000 years. The clues of the presence of peas have been found from the archaeological sites of the Middle East. The people in china believe that the father of agriculture in china, Shu Nung, discovered peas 5000 years ago. Also, there are many legends and stories related to the origination of peas. One of the legends suggests that pea occurred in the world as a punishment to the humans when Thor, the lord of thunder, sent dragons to foul all the wells on the earth with the help of peas. The earliest references of peas in charred form were obtained from the Egyptian tombs of the 12th dynasty. The crop was domesticated shortly after wheat and barley were domesticated.

The peas were not a popular food crop initially as the other pulses were preferred. In the middle ages, people use to dry these seeds and use to keep it with them to consume it at the time of famine. After America was discovered, the peas was introduced into the country as the people who use to sail to America from Europe kept with them dry peas as they are nutritious and require less space for storage. In fact, it was one of the first crops that were planted into America by the Europeans.

The people in Europe started consuming peas properly as late as in the 17th century. The popularity of wheat shot up at that time and it became a staple food crop for many of the countries.

Cultivation pattern :
Pea is a crop that grows well in cool and moist weather. Unlike other vegetable crops, it cannot survive warm temperatures and only yield efficiently if cultivated in cool conditions, though; heat tolerant varieties have also been developed. It takes around 2 months for the planted seed to reach maturity level. The soil should be well drained for the pea plant to prosper without direct contact with fertilizer. Though most of the varieties of pea are self-supportive, once the seed germinates and the plant shows up, it can be tied to a stick or pole for better support.

Different varieties of peas are harvested differently. The garden peas are ready for harvest when they are swollen. The other pea that include sugar snap pea are harvested every 1 to 3 days and the snow peas are picked when the pod reaches it maximum length generally after 5 to 7 days of flowering. In India, pea is an important rabi crop as it is sown in the winter season.

Dry peas producing countries:
Dry pea is produced with the help of pea seeds that are dried in the sun and split evenly. The seeds are selected while processing and then are crushed against a baffler. The world’s total production of dry peas stands around 12 million metric tons. The production of dry peas in the world is somewhat concentrated as the world production is in the hands of a few countries only. The largest producer of dry peas is Canada producing over one fourth of the world’s total produce. As a matter of fact, the top 4 dry pea producing countries contribute a share of around 57% of the total production of dry peas in the world. During the last decade, the pea production was in a downtrend and reduced steadily but since 2002, the production has started rising again. The list below shows the major producers of the world with their production figures in the year 2005

  • Canada (3169900 metric tons)
  • France (1332000 metric tons)
  • China (1300000 metric tons)
  • Russia (1030000 metric tons)
  • India (800000 metric tons)
  • United States of America (666550 metric tons)
  • Ukraine (466000 metric tons)
  • Germany (464000 metric tons)
  • Australia (401000 metric tons)
  • United Kingdom (200000 metric tons)
  • Ethiopia (172000 metric tons)
  • Spain (119700 metric tons)
  • Austria (104000 metric tons)
  • Belarus (100000 metric tons)
  • Sweden (66000 metric tons)
  • Czech republic (65000 metric tons)
  • Denmark (53600 metric tons)
  • Pakistan (49300 metric tons)
  • Peru (41500 metric tons)
  • Romania (37000 metric tons)

Commodity Trading Company in Afghanistan Commodity Trading Company in Albania Commodity Trading Company in Algeria Commodity Trading Company in Andorra Commodity Trading Company in Angola Commodity Trading Company in Antigua and Barbuda Commodity Trading Company in Argentina Commodity Trading Company in Armenia Commodity Trading Company in Australia Converted Commodity Trading Company in Austria Commodity Trading Company in Azerbaijan Commodity Trading Company in Bahamas Commodity Trading Company in Bahrain Commodity Trading Company in Bangladesh Commodity Trading Company in Barbados Commodity Trading Company in Belarus Commodity Trading Company in Belgium Commodity Trading Company in Benin Commodity Trading Company in Bhutan Commodity Trading Company in Bolivia State Commodity Trading Company in Bosnia and Herzegovina Commodity Trading Company in Botswana Commodity Trading Company in Brazil Commodity Trading Company in Brunei Commodity Trading Company in Bulgaria Commodity Trading Company in Burkina Faso Commodity Trading Company in Burundi Commodity Trading Company in Cambodia Commodity Trading Company in Cameroon Commodity Trading Company in Canada Commodity Trading Company in Cape Verde Commodity Trading Company in Central African Republic Commodity Trading Company in Chad Commodity Trading Company in Chile Commodity Trading Company in China Commodity Trading Company in Colombia Commodity Trading Company in Comoros Commodity Trading Company in Costa Rica State Commodity Trading Company in Croatia Commodity Trading Company in Cuba Commodity Trading Company in Cyprus Commodity Trading Company in Czech Republic Commodity Trading Company in Democratic Republic of the Congo Commodity Trading Company in Denmark Commodity Trading Company in Djibouti Commodity Trading Company in Dominica Commodity Trading Company in Dominican Republic Commodity Trading Company in Ecuador Commodity Trading Company in Egypt Commodity Trading Company in El Salvador Commodity Trading Company in Equatorial Guinea Commodity Trading Company in Eritrea Commodity Trading Company in Estonia Commodity Trading Company in Ethiopia Commodity Trading Company in Federated States of Micronesia Commodity Trading Company in Fiji Commodity Trading Company in Finland Commodity Trading Company in France Commodity Trading Company in Gabon Commodity Trading Company in Gambia Commodity Trading Company in Georgia Commodity Trading Company in Germany Commodity Trading Company in Ghana Commodity Trading Company in Greece Commodity Trading Company in Grenada Commodity Trading Company in Guatemala Commodity Trading Company in Guinea Commodity Trading Company in Grenada Bissau Commodity Trading Company in Guyana Commodity Trading Company in Haiti Commodity Trading Company in Honduras Commodity Trading Company in Hungary Commodity Trading Company in Iceland Commodity Trading Company in India Commodity Trading Company in Indonesia Commodity Trading Company in Iran Commodity Trading Company in Iraq Commodity Trading Company in Ireland Commodity Trading Company in Israel Commodity Trading Company in Italy Commodity Trading Company in Jamaica Commodity Trading Company in Japan Commodity Trading Company in Jordan Commodity Trading Company in Kazakhstan Commodity Trading Company in Kenya Commodity Trading Company in Kiribati Commodity Trading Company in Kosovo Commodity Trading Company in Kuwait Commodity Trading Company in Kyrgyzstan Commodity Trading Company in Laos Commodity Trading Company in Latvia Commodity Trading Company in Lebanon Commodity Trading Company in Lesotho Commodity Trading Company in Liberia Commodity Trading Company in Libya Commodity Trading Company in Liechtenstein Commodity Trading Company in Lithuania Commodity Trading Company in Luxembourg Commodity Trading Company in Macedonia Commodity Trading Company in Madagascar Commodity Trading Company in Malawi Commodity Trading Company in Malaysia Commodity Trading Company in Maldives Commodity Trading Company in Mali Commodity Trading Company in Malta Commodity Trading Company in Marshall Islands Commodity Trading Company in Mauritania Commodity Trading Company in Mauritius Commodity Trading Company in Mexico Commodity Trading Company in Moldova Commodity Trading Company in Monaco Commodity Trading Company in Mongolia Commodity Trading Company in Montenegro Commodity Trading Company in Morocco Commodity Trading Company in Mozambique Commodity Trading Company in Myanmar Burma Commodity Trading Company in Namibia Commodity Trading Company in Nauru Commodity Trading Company in Nepal Commodity Trading Company in Netherlands Commodity Trading Company in New Zealand Commodity Trading Company in Nicaragua Commodity Trading Company in Niger Commodity Trading Company in Nigeria Commodity Trading Company in North Korea Commodity Trading Company in Norway Commodity Trading Company in Oman Commodity Trading Company in Pakistan Commodity Trading Company in Palau Commodity Trading Company in Panama Commodity Trading Company in Papua New Guinea Commodity Trading Company in Paraguay Commodity Trading Company in Peru Commodity Trading Company in Philippines Commodity Trading Company in Poland Commodity Trading Company in Portugal Commodity Trading Company in Qatar Commodity Trading Company in Romania Commodity Trading Company in Russia Commodity Trading Company in Rwanda Commodity Trading Company in Saint Kitts and Nevis Commodity Trading Company in Saint Lucia Commodity Trading Company in Saint Vincent and The Grenadines Commodity Trading Company in Samoa Commodity Trading Company in Marino Commodity Trading Company in Sao Tome and Principe Commodity Trading Company in Saudi Arabia Commodity Trading Company in Senegal Commodity Trading Company in Serbia Commodity Trading Company in Seychelles Commodity Trading Company in Sierra Leone Commodity Trading Company in Singapore Commodity Trading Company in Slovakia Commodity Trading Company in Slovenia Commodity Trading Company in Solomon Islands Commodity Trading Company in Somalia Commodity Trading Company in South Africa Commodity Trading Company in South Korea Commodity Trading Company in South Sudan Commodity Trading Company in Spain Commodity Trading Company in Sri Lanka Commodity Trading Company in Sudan Commodity Trading Company in Suriname Commodity Trading Company in Swaziland Commodity Trading Company in Sweden Commodity Trading Company in Switzerland Pantone Commodity Trading Company in Syria Commodity Trading Company in Taiwan Commodity Trading Company in Tajikistan Commodity Trading Company in Tanzania Commodity Trading Company in Thailand Commodity Trading Company in Timor Commodity Trading Company in Togo Commodity Trading Company in Tonga Commodity Trading Company in Trinidad and Tobago Commodity Trading Company in Tunisia Commodity Trading Company in Turkey Commodity Trading Company in Turkmenistan Commodity Trading Company in Tuvalu Commodity Trading Company in Uganda Commodity Trading Company in Ukraine Commodity Trading Company in United Arab Emirates Commodity Trading Company in United Kingdom Commodity Trading Company in United States Commodity Trading Company in Uruguay Commodity Trading Company in Uzbekistan Commodity Trading Company in Vanuatu Commodity Trading Company in Vatican City Commodity Trading Company in Venezuela Commodity Trading Company in Vietnam Commodity Trading Company in Yemen Commodity Trading Company in Zambia Commodity Trading Company in Zimbabwe

Home : About Us : Services : Payments : Enquiry : Order : Contact Us

© 2015 Commodity Trading Company. Website Design by Global Adverting Media Private Limited